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Medical Centrifuges: A Comprehensive Guide to Classification and Functions

Publish Time: 2023-06-15 Views: 168

Medical centrifuges play a crucial role in laboratories, enabling the preparation of samples for analysis. These devices are essential for tasks like separating plasma from blood. When selecting a centrifuge, it's vital to consider the various types available, as each is designed for specific applications.

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Classification of Medical Centrifuges:

1.Structure-based Classification:

● Desktop Medical Centrifuges

● Vertical Medical Centrifuges


2. Capacity-based Classification:

● Micro Medical Centrifuges

● Small Capacity Medical Centrifuges

● Large Capacity Medical Centrifuges


3. Scale-based Classification:

● Micro Medical Centrifuges

● Small Medical Centrifuges

● Large Medical Centrifuges

4.Temperature Control-based Classification:

● Refrigerated Medical Centrifuges (Low-Temperature Medical Centrifuges)

● Room Temperature Medical Centrifuges


5.Speed-based Classification:

● Low-Speed Medical Centrifuges (Speed < 10,000 rpm)

● High-Speed Medical Centrifuges (10,000 rpm - 30,000 rpm)

● Ultra High-Speed Medical Centrifuges (Speed > 30,000 rpm)


6. Rotor Type-based Classification:

● Horizontal Rotating Head or Bucket Type Medical Centrifuges

● Fixed Angle Rotating Head or Angle Rotating Head Medical Centrifuges


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Functions of Medical Centrifuges:

1.Particle Separation: Used to separate suspended particles in a solution.

2.Blood Component Separation: Separates visible components in blood, allowing analysis and determination.

3.Ligand Separation: Separates ligands and free ligands bound to proteins or antibodies.

4.Protein Precipitation: Separates proteins that have precipitated in the sample.

5.Immiscible Liquid Separation: Separates two liquids with different densities that are immiscible.

6.Organic Solvent Extraction: Extracts specific components from body fluids using organic solvents.

7.Lipid Component Separation: Separates lipid components in blood, such as chyle microparticles and various lipoproteins in plasma.

By understanding the classification and functions of medical centrifuges, researchers and healthcare professionals can make informed decisions when choosing the right centrifuge for their specific needs.

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